Building & Construction Incursion (Foundation – 4)

Theme: Design & Technology – Materials
Level: Foundation – 4

Students will explore the properties of materials, looking at shapes and their different strengths for building. This topic is great preparation for student design and make projects, such as playgrounds and bridges.


  • Examine our model to identify how forces and materials are used in the design of a playground.
  • Make different shapes with various materials.
  • Test the effect of tension, compression and torsion forces on the different shapes.
  • Compare how much friction particular materials have and discuss areas of high/low friction on a playground.
  • Test different shaped “logs” for cabin construction.
  • Predict and observe a demonstration of the amount of weight different shaped columns can hold.
  • Test the strength of egg shells and discuss their shape.
  • Explore different bridge shapes while designing and testing bridges to hold toy cars.


Victorian Curriculum: Content Descriptions


  • F-2: The way objects move depends on a variety of factors including their size and shape: a push or a pull affects how an object moves or changes shape (VCSSU048)
  • F-2: Objects are made of materials that have observable properties (VCSSU044)
  • 3-4: Forces can be exerted by one object on another through direct contact or from a distance (VCSSU064)
  • 3-4 Natural and processed materials have a range of physical properties; these properties can influence their use (VCSSU060)

Design & Technology

  • F-2: Explore the characteristics and properties of materials and components that are used to create designed solutions (VCDSTC017)
  • F-2 Use personal preferences to evaluate the success of design ideas, processes and solutions including their care for environment (VCDSCD021)
  • 3-4: Investigate how forces and the properties of materials affect the behaviour of a designed solution (VCDSTC024)
  • 3-4 Investigate the suitability of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment for a range of purposes (VCDSTC027)
  • 3-4: Critique needs or opportunities for designing and explore and test a variety of materials, components, tools and equipment and the techniques needed to create designed solutions (VCDSCD028)


“Very considerate of a few children with challenging behaviours and special needs. They were inclusive educators and it was a wonderful experience for all levels.” Clayton North PS

“Thank you for a wonderful time. The students were extremely engaged and enjoyed the hands on activities. Olivia has a very calm nature which our students responded very well to. All the teachers from our school agree that the incursion was fantastic. Thank you again!” Woodlands PS


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