Theme: Science – Earth and Space Sciences
Level: 5 & 6
Students will investigate the forces involved around Earth and the Solar System. They will gain an awareness of forces, heat, light, atmosphere, movement and position.
- Discuss prior knowledge of space and our place in it.
- Experience the pressure of the air around us.
- Identify the planets of the Solar System and their order from the sun.
- Model the relative sizes of the Sun and planets.
- Use a scale model to show the relative distances of each planet from the sun and understand how long it takes each planet to complete an orbit.
- Investigate the forces that hold planets in their orbit including gravity and centripetal forces.
- Model Earth’s rotation and orbit to explore regular changes such as day and night and the seasons.
- Investigate Earth’s unique atmosphere and learn how it protects us and gives the sky colours.
- Learn about space exploration and explore the forces needed to launch a rocket.
- Set up a follow-up experiment to investigate the growth of plants in different conditions such as those found on other planets.
Victorian Curriculum: Content Descriptions
- Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the Sun) (VCSSU078)
- Scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to inform personal and community decisions and to solve problems that directly affect people’s lives (VCSSU073)
- With guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be based on previous experiences or general rules (VCSIS082)
- With guidance, plan appropriate investigation types to answer questions or solve problems and use equipment, technologies and materials safely, identifying potential risks (VCSIS083)
- Decide which variables should be changed, measured and controlled in fair tests and accurately observe, measure and record data (VCSIS084)
- Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to record, represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data (VCSIS085)
- Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations (VCSIS086)
- Suggest improvements to the methods used to investigate a question or solve a problem (VCSIS087)
- Communicate ideas and processes using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and to identify simple cause-and-effect relationships (VCSIS088)
“This was an excellent incursion to introduce our Science topic for the term! The activities were engaging and easily replicated for when we delve deeper into the topics at a later date.” Doncaster Primary School