Theme: Science – Earth and Space Sciences
Level: 3 & 4
Students will explore relationships between the Earth, moon and sun. They will use models to investigate changes caused by the movement of the Earth and moon including seasons and eclipses.
- Discuss prior knowledge of Earth, moon and sun.
- Explore the physical pressure of air on earth.
- Investigate the forces that hold the Earth and moon in their orbits.
- Explore how the Earth’s rotation creates day and night.
- Explore the changes in shadows as the Earth rotates.
- Investigate the phases of the moon and understand why we only ever see one side of the moon from Earth.
- Investigate the changes that create Earth’s seasons.
- Model the reflection of light from the moon.
- Model the positions of Earth, moon and sun during solar and lunar eclipses.
Victorian Curriculum: Content Descriptions
- Earth’s rotation on its axis causes regular changes, including night and day (VCSSU061)
- Science knowledge helps people to understand the effects of their actions (VCSSU056)
- With guidance, identify questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically and predict what might happen based on prior knowledge (VCSIS065)
- Suggest ways to plan and conduct investigations to find answers to questions including consideration of the elements of fair tests (VCSIS066)
- Safely use appropriate materials, tools, equipment and technologies (VCSIS067)
- Use formal measurements in the collection and recording of observations (VCSIS068)
- Use a range of methods including tables and column graphs to represent data and to identify patterns and trends (VCSIS069)
- Compare results with predictions, suggesting possible reasons for findings (VCSIS070)
- Reflect on an investigation, including whether a test was fair or not (VCSIS071)
- Represent and communicate observations, ideas and findings to show patterns and relationships using formal and informal scientific language (VCSIS072)
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