Theme: Science – Physical Sciences
Level: 5 & 6
Students will investigate energy transformation and transference using electrical circuits. Understand how electricity is generated and which methods are most sustainable.*
- Discuss prior knowledge of energy/electricity.
- Predict and test basic circuits.
- All students become part of a human circuit recognising the importance of a switch.
- Predict and test materials as conductors or insulators of electricity.
- Discuss the scientists involved in the evolution of the light bulb as an invention.
- Make a light globe and observe the glowing filament.
- Explore the differences between light globes and LEDs.
- Use electromagnets.
- Examine broken and working motors and follow the energy transformations taking place.
- Discuss whether an energy source used to make electricity is sustainable.
- Observe a solar panel working.
* This lesson has a strong focus on electrical circuits. See “Energy” lesson in STEM for a focus on energy transformation and design.
Victorian Curriculum: Content Descriptions
- Energy from a variety of sources can be used to generate electricity; electric circuits enable this energy to be transferred to another place and then to be transformed into another form of energy (VCSSU081)
- Scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to inform personal and community decisions and to solve problems that directly affect people’s lives (VCSSU073)
- With guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be based on previous experiences or general rules (VCSIS082)
- With guidance, plan appropriate investigation types to answer questions or solve problems and use equipment, technologies and materials safely, identifying potential risks (VCSIS083)
- Decide which variables should be changed, measured and controlled in fair tests and accurately observe, measure and record data (VCSIS084)
- Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to record, represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data (VCSIS085)
- Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations (VCSIS086)
- Suggest improvements to the methods used to investigate a question or solve a problem (VCSIS087)
- Communicate ideas and processes using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and to identify simple cause-and-effect relationships (VCSIS088)
“Engaging presenter who interacted positively with all students.” St. Joachim’s
“The children loved the hands on element, trying different materials and exploring the electrical circuits.” Gilson College Mernda